On software quality, collaborative development, wikis and Open Source...

Last modified by Vincent Massol on 2015/11/23 11:59

Jun 06 2017

Jenkins Pipeline: Attach failing test screenshot

On the XWiki project we've started moving to Jenkins 2.0 and to using the Pipeline feature through Jenkinsfiles.

When we run our functional tests (we use Selenium2/Webdriver), we record a screenshot when a test fails. Previously we had a Groovy Scriptler script (written by Eduard Moraru, an XWiki committer) to automatically change the description of a Jenkins test page to include the screenshot as on:


So we needed to port this script to a Jenkinsfile. Here's the solution I came up with:

import hudson.FilePath
import hudson.tasks.junit.TestResultAction
import hudson.util.IOUtils
import javax.xml.bind.DatatypeConverter

def attachScreenshotToFailingTests() {
   def testResults = manager.build.getAction(TestResultAction.class)
   if (testResults == null) {
       // No tests were run in this build, nothing left to do.

   // Go through each failed test in the current build.
   def failedTests = testResults.getFailedTests()
   for (def failedTest : failedTests) {
       // Compute the test's screenshot file name.
       def testClass = failedTest.getClassName()
       def testSimpleClass = failedTest.getSimpleName()
       def testExample = failedTest.getName()

       // Example of value for suiteResultFile (it's a String):
       //   /Users/vmassol/.jenkins/workspace/blog/application-blog-test/application-blog-test-tests/target/
       //     surefire-reports/TEST-org.xwiki.blog.test.ui.AllTests.xml
       def suiteResultFile = failedTest.getSuiteResult().getFile()
       if (suiteResultFile == null) {
           // No results available. Go to the next test.

       // Compute the screenshot's location on the build agent.
       // Example of target folder path:
       //   /Users/vmassol/.jenkins/workspace/blog/application-blog-test/application-blog-test-tests/target
       def targetFolderPath = createFilePath(suiteResultFile).getParent().getParent()
       // The screenshot can have 2 possible file names and locations, we have to look for both.
       // Selenium 1 test screenshots.
       def imageAbsolutePath1 = new FilePath(targetFolderPath, "selenium-screenshots/${testClass}-${testExample}.png")
       // Selenium 2 test screenshots.
       def imageAbsolutePath2 = new FilePath(targetFolderPath, "screenshots/${testSimpleClass}-${testExample}.png")
       // If screenshotDirectory system property is not defined we save screenshots in the tmp dir so we must also
       // support this.
       def imageAbsolutePath3 =
            new FilePath(createFilePath(System.getProperty("java.io.tmpdir")), "${testSimpleClass}-${testExample}.png")

       // Determine which one exists, if any.
        echo "Image path 1 (selenium 1) [${imageAbsolutePath1}], Exists: [${imageAbsolutePath1.exists()}]"
        echo "Image path 2 (selenium 2) [${imageAbsolutePath2}], Exists: [${imageAbsolutePath2.exists()}]"
        echo "Image path 3 (tmp) [${imageAbsolutePath3}], Exists: [${imageAbsolutePath3.exists()}]"
       def imageAbsolutePath = imageAbsolutePath1.exists() ?
            imageAbsolutePath1 : (imageAbsolutePath2.exists() ? imageAbsolutePath2 :
                (imageAbsolutePath3.exists() ? imageAbsolutePath3 : null))

        echo "Attaching screenshot to description: [${imageAbsolutePath}]"

       // If the screenshot exists...
       if (imageAbsolutePath != null) {
           // Build a base64 string of the image's content.
           def imageDataStream = imageAbsolutePath.read()
            byte[] imageData = IOUtils.toByteArray(imageDataStream)
           def imageDataString = "data:image/png;base64," + DatatypeConverter.printBase64Binary(imageData)

           def testResultAction = failedTest.getParentAction()

           // Build a description HTML to be set for the failing test that includes the image in Data URI format.
           def description = """<h3>Screenshot</h3><a href="${imageDataString}"><img style="width: 800px" src="${imageDataString}" /></a>"""

           // Set the description to the failing test and save it to disk.
            testResultAction.setDescription(failedTest, description)

Note that for this to work you need to:

  • Install the Groovy Postbuild plugin. This exposes the manager variable needed by the script.
  • Add the required security exceptions to http://<jenkins server ip>/scriptApproval/ if need be
  • Install the Pegdown Formatter plugin and set the description syntax to be Pegdown in the Global Security configuration (http://<jenkins server ip>/configureSecurity). Without this you won't be able to display HTML (and the default safe HTML option will strip out the datauri content).


May 10 2017

TPC Strategy Check

The XWiki project is using a strategy to try to ensure that quality goes in the upward direction.

In short we fail the build if the Jacoco-computed coverage is below a per-module threshold. Devs can only increase the threshold but are not supposed to lower it.

However, from time to time, it happens that dev reduce the threshold (for example, when fixing a bug and this removes some lines of code and the coverage is lowered and the dev doesn't have the time to improve existing tests, etc).

Since we've been following this strategy for a long time now (at least since 2013), I thought it would be interesting to check, for a small subset of XWiki, how we fared.

Module NameTPC on Feb 2013TPC on May 2017Difference

Note that - denotates some modules that do not exist at a given date or for which the coverage is empty (for example a module with only Java interfaces).


  • Coverage has not increased substantially in general. However this is computed on xwiki-commons and those modules are pretty stable and don't change much. It would be interesting to compute something similar for xwiki-platform.
  • Out of 14 modules that have seen their TPC modified between 2013 and May 2017, 10 have seen their coverage increase (that's 71%). So 4 have seen their coverage be reduced by up to -3.6% max.

So while we could better, it's still not too bad and the strategy seems to be globally working.

Feb 06 2017

Jenkins going the Gradle way

Just realized that with the new Jenkins Pipeline strategy, Jenkins is actually moving towards a strategy similar to Gradle.

Before Gradle we had Maven which is using a Build by Configuration strategy. The idea is for users to tell Maven how to configure the build but not what it should do.

Before Pipeline, Jenkins Jobs were exactly that: you configured each job to give Jenkins each plugin's config, similar to Maven.

With Pipeline you now code your job in Groovy, specifying the what the job should do.

So you gain a lot of power to more precisely configure your jobs and an easier solution to reuse actions/configs between jobs. But you loose some simplicity and the fact that you could go to any Jenkins instance and understand what each job was doing easily. You now need to read code to understand what it's doing and everyone is going to have a different way of coding their jobs.

FYI I'm currently working on XWiki's Jenkinsfile. It's still simple at the moment but it'll become more complex as time passes.

Future will tell us if it's good or bad. FTM, being a dev, I'm enjoying it! emoticon_smile I especially like the perks that come with it (but which could have been implemented with a declarative job configuration too):

  • Save the CI job in the SCM next to the code
  • Ability to automatically add or remove jobs for SCM branches

See also my blog post about Jenkins GitHub Organization Jobs.

Feb 02 2017

Jenkins GitHub Organization Jobs

The Jenkins Pipeline plugin includes a very nice feature which is the "GitHub Organization" job type. This job type will scan a given GitHub organization repositories for Jenkinsfile files and when found will automatically create a pipeline job for them.

This has some nice advantages:

  • You save your Jenkins job configuration in your SCM (git in our case, in the Jenkinsfile), next to your code. You can receive email diffs to show who made modifications to it, the reason and understand the changes.
  • It supports branches: when you create a branch it's automatically discovered by Jenkins and the build is executed on it. And if the branch gets removed, it's removed automatically from Jenkins too. This point is awesome for us since we used to have groovy script to execute to copy jobs when there were new branches and when branches were removed.

So we started exploring this for the XWiki project, starting with Contrib Extensions.

Here's a screenshot of our Github Organization job for XWiki Contrib:


And here's an example of a pipeline job executing:


Now if you implement this you'll quickly find that you want to share pipeline scripts between Jenkinsfile, in order to not have duplicates.

FYI here's what the Jenkinsfile for the syntax-markdown pipeline job shown above looks like:

xwikiModule {
    name = 'syntax-markdown'

Simple, isn't it? emoticon_smile The trick is that we've configured Jenkins to automatically load a Global Pipeline Library (implicit load). You can do that by saving libraries at the root of SCM repositories and configure Jenkins to load them from the SCM sources (see this Jenkins doc for more details).

So we've created this GitHub repository and we've coded a vars/xwikiModule.groovy file. At the moment of writing this is its content (I expect it to be improved a lot in the near future):

// Example usage:
//   xwikiModule {
//     name = 'application-faq'
//     goals = 'clean install' (default is 'clean deploy')
//     profiles = 'legacy,integration-tests,jetty,hsqldb,firefox' (default is 'quality,legacy,integration-tests')
//  }

def call(body) {
   // evaluate the body block, and collect configuration into the object
   def config = [:]
    body.resolveStrategy = Closure.DELEGATE_FIRST
    body.delegate = config

   // Now build, based on the configuration provided, using the followong configuration:
   // - config.name: the name of the module in git, e.g. "syntax-markdown"

    node {
       def mvnHome
       stage('Preparation') {
           // Get the Maven tool.
           // NOTE: Needs to be configured in the global configuration.
           mvnHome = tool 'Maven'
        stage('Build') {
            dir (config.name) {
                checkout scm
               // Execute the XVNC plugin (useful for integration-tests)
               wrap([$class: 'Xvnc']) {
                    withEnv(["PATH+MAVEN=${mvnHome}/bin", 'MAVEN_OPTS=-Xmx1024m']) {
                     try {
                         def goals = config.goals ?: 'clean deploy'
                         def profiles = config.profiles ?: 'quality,legacy,integration-tests'
                          sh "mvn ${goals} jacoco:report -P${profiles} -U -e -Dmaven.test.failure.ignore"
                          currentBuild.result = 'SUCCESS'
                     } catch (Exception err) {
                          currentBuild.result = 'FAILURE'
                         throw e
        stage('Post Build') {
           // Archive the generated artifacts
           archiveArtifacts artifacts: '**/target/*.jar', fingerprint: true
           // Save the JUnit test report
           junit testResults: '**/target/surefire-reports/TEST-*.xml'

def notifyByMail(String buildStatus) {
    buildStatus =  buildStatus ?: 'SUCCESSFUL'
   def subject = "${buildStatus}: Job '${env.JOB_NAME} [${env.BUILD_NUMBER}]'"
   def summary = "${subject} (${env.BUILD_URL})"
   def details = """<p>STARTED: Job '${env.JOB_NAME} [${env.BUILD_NUMBER}]':</p>
    <p>Check console output at &QUOT;<a href='${env.BUILD_URL}'>${env.JOB_NAME} [${env.BUILD_NUMBER}]</a>&QUOT;</p>"""

   def to = emailextrecipients([
           [$class: 'CulpritsRecipientProvider'],
           [$class: 'DevelopersRecipientProvider'],
           [$class: 'RequesterRecipientProvider']
   if (to != null && !to.isEmpty()) {
        mail to: to, subject: subject, body: details

Ideas of some next steps:

Right now there's one limitation I've found: It seems I need to manually click on "Re-scan Organization" in the Jenkins UI so that new Jenkinsfile added to repositories are taken into account. I hope that will get fixed soon. One workaround would be to add another Jenkins job to do that regularly but it's not perfect. Also note that you absolutely must authenticate against GitHub as otherwise you'll quickly reach the GitHub API request limit (when authenticated you are allowed 5000 requests per hour).

Anyway it's great and I love it.

Dec 10 2016

Full Automated Test Coverage with Jenkins and Clover

Generating test coverage reports for a single Maven project is simple. You can use the Clover maven plugin easily for that. For example:

mvn clean clover:setup install clover:clover

Generating a report for several modules in the same Maven reactor (same build) is also easy since that's supported out of the box. For example:

mvn clean clover:setup install clover:aggregate clover:clover

However, generating a full coverage report for a multi-reactor project is much harder. Let's take the example of the XWiki project which has 4 separate Github repositories and thus 4 builds:

So the question is: How do we generate a single test coverage report for those 4 maven reactor builds. For example we want that tests that execute in the xwiki-enterprise repository generate coverage for source code located, say, in xwiki-commons.

Here's what we want to get:


The way to do this manually is to tell the Maven Clover plugin to use a single location for generating its data. Manually this can be achieved like this (more details can be found on the XWiki Test page):

# In xwiki-commons:
mvn clean clover:setup install -Dmaven.clover.cloverDatabase=/path/to/clover/data/clover.db
# In xwiki-enterprise:
mvn clean clover:setup install -Dmaven.clover.cloverDatabase=/path/to/clover/data/clover.db

# From xwiki-enterprise, generate the full Clover report:
mvn clover:clover -N -Dmaven.clover.cloverDatabase=/path/to/clover/data/clover.db

This is already pretty cool. However it's taking a lot of time and it would be nicer if it could be executed on the CI (on http://ci.xwiki.org in our case).

One important note is that Clover modifies the artifacts and thus you need to be careful to not push them into production or make sure they're not used in other builds (since they'd fail since they'd need to have the Clover runtime JAR at execution time).

So, I chose to use Jenkins 2 and the new Pipeline plugin and used the following script (see the XWiki Clover Job):

node() {
  def mvnHome
  def localRepository
  def cloverDir
  stage('Preparation') {
    def workspace = pwd()
    localRepository = "${workspace}/maven-repository"
    // Make sure that the special Maven local repository for Clover exists
    sh "mkdir -p ${localRepository}"
    // Remove all XWiki artifacts from it
    sh "rm -Rf ${localRepository}/org/xwiki"
    sh "rm -Rf ${localRepository}/com/xpn"
    // Make sure that the directory where clover will store its data exists in
    // the workspace and that it's clean
    cloverDir = "${workspace}/clover-data"
    sh "rm -Rf ${cloverDir}"
    sh "mkdir -p ${cloverDir}"
    // Get the Maven tool.
    // NOTE: Needs to be configured in the global configuration.           
    mvnHome = tool 'Maven'
  // each() has problems in pipeline, thus using a standard for()
  // See https://issues.jenkins-ci.org/browse/JENKINS-26481
  for (String repoName : ["xwiki-commons", "xwiki-rendering", "xwiki-platform", "xwiki-enterprise"]) {
    stage("Cloverify ${repoName}") {
      dir (repoName) {
        git "https://github.com/xwiki/${repoName}.git"
        runCloverAndGenerateReport(mvnHome, localRepository, cloverDir)
  stage("Publish Clover Reports") {
def runCloverAndGenerateReport(def mvnHome, def localRepository, def cloverDir) {
  wrap([$class: 'Xvnc']) {
    withEnv(["PATH+MAVEN=${mvnHome}/bin", 'MAVEN_OPTS=-Xmx2048m']) {
      sh "mvn -Dmaven.repo.local='${localRepository}' clean clover:setup install -Pclover,integration-tests -Dmaven.clover.cloverDatabase=${cloverDir}/clover.db -Dmaven.test.failure.ignore=true -Dxwiki.revapi.skip=true"
      sh "mvn -Dmaven.repo.local='${localRepository}' clover:clover -N -Dmaven.clover.cloverDatabase=${cloverDir}/clover.db"

Note that we use the "Xvnc" Jenkins plugin because we run Selenium2 functional tests which require a display.

When this Jenkins job is executed is results in:


Over 5 hours of build time... Now you understand why we want to have this running on the CI agent and not on my local machine emoticon_wink

And the generated reports can be seen on xwiki.org.

Good news, we have an overall coverage of 73.2% for the full XWiki Java codebase, that's not too bad (I thought it would be lower emoticon_wink).

Next blog post will be about trying to achieve this with the Jacoco Maven plugin and the associated challenges and issues... Hint: it's harder than with the Clover Maven plugin.

May 03 2016

Bye Bye CLIRR, Welcome Revapi!

On the XWiki project it's been years that we've been checking automatically for backward compatibilities in our APIs as part of our build (It's even documented here).

Recently, we've moved to Java 8 for XWiki 8.1 and we've discovered that the tool we were using, CLIRR, doesn't work anymore with Java 8. So I searched, without much hope, for an alternative, and I was surprised (and delighted) to find that there are 2 valid solutions nowadays that support Java 8:

I've tried both and they both had issues. However, I've discovered that the maintainers or these 2 solutions were really cool guys and they very quickly fixed any issue I've raised. Big thanks to Lukas Krejci and Martin Mois, you're awesome guys! emoticon_smile

In the end the XWiki project has had to make a difficult choice and we chose Revapi (Some reasons mentioned here but honestly they're both valid choices).

So here's how we use it now:

  • In our top level POM:
           <!-- Used for checking backward compatibility (binary and source) -->
             <!-- Lock down plugin version for build reproducibility -->
                  "revapi": {
                    "java": {
                      "filter": {
                        "packages": {
                          "regex": true,
                          "include": ["org\\.xwiki\\..*"],
                          "exclude": ["org\\.xwiki\\..*\\.internal(\\..*)?", "org\\.xwiki\\..*\\.test(\\..*)?"]
  • Then in specific module POMs we override the configuration to add excludes (for backward and source incompatibilities that we know about and have voluntarily decided to do). For example:
                  "revapi": {
                    "java": {
                      "filter": {
                        "packages": {
                          "regex": true,
                          "include": ["org\\.xwiki\\..*"],
                          "exclude": ["org\\.xwiki\\..*\\.internal(\\..*)?", "org\\.xwiki\\..*\\.test(\\..*)?"]
                    "ignore": [
                        "code": "java.method.returnTypeTypeParametersChanged",
                        "old": "method java.util.List<? extends org.xwiki.extension.ExtensionDependency> org.xwiki.extension.AbstractExtension::getDependencies()",
                        "new": "method java.util.List<org.xwiki.extension.ExtensionDependency> org.xwiki.extension.AbstractExtension::getDependencies()",
                        "justification": "? return type makes signature more complex for nothing"
                        "code": "java.method.returnTypeTypeParametersChanged",
                        "old": "method java.util.Collection<? extends org.xwiki.extension.ExtensionDependency> org.xwiki.extension.Extension::getDependencies()",
                        "new": "method java.util.Collection<org.xwiki.extension.ExtensionDependency> org.xwiki.extension.Extension::getDependencies()",
                        "justification": "? return type makes signature more complex for nothing"
                        "code": "java.method.returnTypeTypeParametersChanged",
                        "old": "method java.util.Collection<? extends org.xwiki.extension.ExtensionDependency> org.xwiki.extension.wrap.WrappingExtension<E extends org.xwiki.extension.Extension>::getDependencies()",
                        "new": "method java.util.Collection<org.xwiki.extension.ExtensionDependency> org.xwiki.extension.wrap.WrappingExtension<E extends org.xwiki.extension.Extension>::getDependencies()",
                        "justification": "? return type makes signature more complex for nothing"
  • Now the interesting part is in generating reports. We've chosen an original way of doing this: We dynamically generate the Revapi report on our release notes wiki pages using Groovy. The big advantage is that there's no work to be done for the Release Manager:
    • Here's an example from the XWiki 8.1M1 Release Notes


    • The Groovy script below does the following:
      • Use the GitHub REST API to get the content of the pom.xml containing the Revapi excludes.
      • Parse the XML using Groovy
      • Display a report out of it
    • And here's the Groovy script packaged as a Wiki Macro for the curious ones:
      import groovy.json.*

      def getIgnores(def repo, def path)
       def url = "https://api.github.com/repos/xwiki/${repo}/contents/${path}".toURL().text
       def result = new JsonSlurper().parseText(url)
       def xml = new String(result.content.decodeBase64())
        result = new XmlSlurper().parseText(xml)
       def revapi = result.build.plugins.plugin.'**'.find { node ->
          node.artifactId.text() == 'revapi-maven-plugin'
       if (revapi) {
          result = new JsonSlurper().parseText(revapi.configuration.analysisConfiguration.text())
         return result.revapi.ignore
       } else {
         return ''

      def displayIgnores(def ignores)
        result = new JsonSlurper().parseText(ignores)
        result.each() {
          it.each() {
            println "* {{{${it.justification}}}}"
            println "** Violation type: {{code}}${it.code}{{/code}}"
            println "** Old: {{code}}${it.old}{{/code}}"
           if (it.new) {
              println "** New: {{code}}${it.new}{{/code}}"

      def getViolations(def version)
       def xobject = doc.getObject('ReleaseNotes.BackwardCompatibility')
       if (!xobject) {
          xobject = doc.newObject('ReleaseNotes.BackwardCompatibility')
         def commonsTag
         def renderingTag
         def platformTag
         if (version == 'master') {
            commonsTag = renderingTag = platformTag = 'master'
         } else {
            commonsTag = "xwiki-commons-${version}"
            renderingTag = "xwiki-rendering-${version}"
            platformTag = "xwiki-platform-${version}"
         def jsonCommons = getIgnores('xwiki-commons', "xwiki-commons-core/pom.xml?ref=${commonsTag}")
         def jsonRendering = getIgnores('xwiki-rendering', "pom.xml?ref=${renderingTag}")
         def jsonPlatform = getIgnores('xwiki-platform', "xwiki-platform-core/pom.xml?ref=${platformTag}")
          xobject.set('violations', JsonOutput.prettyPrint(JsonOutput.toJson([jsonCommons, jsonRendering, jsonPlatform])))
          doc.save('Added backward-compatiblity violations data', true)
       return xobject.getProperty('violations').value


In conclusion we're very happy with the move, especially since we now have Java 8 support but also because Revapi provides more checks than what CLIRR was doing.

Jun 05 2015

Why is Jenkins's Incremental Build feature not working

On the XWiki project we have enabled Jenkins's Incremental Build feature:


This seemed like a nice feature to speed up our CI when building our Maven jobs. Alas, it doesn't work!

The problem is that from time to time you'll get build failure such as:

Caused by: org.sonatype.aether.transfer.ArtifactNotFoundException: Could not find artifact org.xwiki.platform:xwiki-platform-store:pom:6.4.4-SNAPSHOT in local.central (xxx)

You'd think it's not possible, especially as we use Maven's -U flag and thus, even if the artifact is not present in the local repository it should be downloaded from the Maven Remote Repository that we use (and it's available there!).

The reason is because of a Maven bug: MNG-5542. What happens is that the Incremental Build feature will use the -pl Maven parameter to list all the Maven projects to build and when this feature is used, artifacts declared in the <parent> section of your POMs are just ignored and not downloaded...

The consequence is that your build will fail from time to time when one artifact declared in one of your <parent> is not present in your local repository... If you have decided to have one Maven repository per Job in Jenkins - which would seem a good idea to isolate your jobs and to be able to use the Parallel build feature of Jenkins - then you'll hit the problem very frequently...

So in the end you have to choose between Parallel builds and Incremental builds but you cannot have both at the same time!

Note that even with Parallel builds turned off, you build will fail from time to time, just less frequently...

One solution for the XWiki project would be to break our big job that builds the Platform (over 100 modules located in the same Git repo that we release together under a single version) into 100 jobs. But doing this manually is a no go so we would need to script this or wait for some Jenkins dev to implement this idea...

Big pain!

Feb 26 2015

Custom JIRA Project Template

JIRA is a pain when you need to create lots of projects with custom Schemes. On the XWiki open source project we allow the community to contribute extensions and we offer a place to host the sources in the xwiki-contrib GitHub organization. We also offer for each project a JIRA project where users can report issues and where developers can track what they're working on. 

Thus we have the need to create lots of JIRA projects. Today, I got bored of repeating over and over the same setup for creating such projects. It involves 9 steps:

  1. Setting the category
  2. Setting the custom XWiki Workflow Scheme
  3. Setting the custom XWiki Screen Scheme
  4. Setting the custom XWiki Field Configuration Scheme
  5. Setting the custom XWiki Notifications Scheme
  6. Setting the custom XWiki Permission Scheme
  7. Setting the Project Lead
  8. Setting the project URL
  9. Setting some groups in one of the project's Roles

Following this tutorial (and a lots of googling emoticon_wink) I was able to automate steps 1-6 in the above list (Source code).

Now when we create a new JIRA project we get this nice template:


The main code doing the work is in XWikiAddProjectHook.java:

 * See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional
 * information regarding copyright ownership.
 * This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 * This software is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this software; if not, write to the Free
 * Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
 * 02110-1301 USA, or see the FSF site: http://www.fsf.org.

package org.xwiki.devtools.jira.template;

import java.util.Arrays;

import org.apache.log4j.LogManager;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

import com.atlassian.jira.bc.projectroles.ProjectRoleService;
import com.atlassian.jira.blueprint.api.AddProjectHook;
import com.atlassian.jira.blueprint.api.ConfigureData;
import com.atlassian.jira.blueprint.api.ConfigureResponse;
import com.atlassian.jira.blueprint.api.ValidateData;
import com.atlassian.jira.blueprint.api.ValidateResponse;
import com.atlassian.jira.component.ComponentAccessor;
import com.atlassian.jira.issue.fields.layout.field.FieldLayoutManager;
import com.atlassian.jira.issue.fields.layout.field.FieldLayoutScheme;
import com.atlassian.jira.issue.fields.screen.issuetype.IssueTypeScreenScheme;
import com.atlassian.jira.issue.fields.screen.issuetype.IssueTypeScreenSchemeManager;
import com.atlassian.jira.notification.NotificationSchemeManager;
import com.atlassian.jira.permission.PermissionSchemeManager;
import com.atlassian.jira.project.Project;
import com.atlassian.jira.project.ProjectCategory;
import com.atlassian.jira.project.ProjectManager;
import com.atlassian.jira.scheme.Scheme;
import com.atlassian.jira.security.roles.ProjectRole;
import com.atlassian.jira.util.SimpleErrorCollection;
import com.atlassian.jira.workflow.WorkflowSchemeManager;

public class XWikiAddProjectHook implements AddProjectHook
   private static final Logger LOGGER = LogManager.getLogger(XWikiAddProjectHook.class);

   public ValidateResponse validate(final ValidateData validateData)
       return ValidateResponse.create();

   public ConfigureResponse configure(final ConfigureData configureData)
        Project project = configureData.project();

       // Set Workflow Scheme
       WorkflowSchemeManager workflowSchemeManager = ComponentAccessor.getWorkflowSchemeManager();
        Scheme xwikiScheme = workflowSchemeManager.getSchemeObject("XWiki Workflow Scheme");
       if (xwikiScheme != null) {
            workflowSchemeManager.addSchemeToProject(project, xwikiScheme);
       } else {
            LOGGER.warn(String.format("[XWiki] Failed to find the \"XWiki Workflow Scheme\" scheme. "
               + "It is not set for the new project [%s]", project.getName()));

       // Set Notification Scheme
       NotificationSchemeManager notificationSchemeManager = ComponentAccessor.getNotificationSchemeManager();
        Scheme notificationScheme = notificationSchemeManager.getSchemeObject("XWiki Notification Scheme");
       if (notificationScheme != null) {
            notificationSchemeManager.addSchemeToProject(project, notificationScheme);
       } else {
            LOGGER.warn(String.format("[XWiki] Failed to find the \"XWiki Notification Scheme\" scheme. "
               + "It is not set for the new project [%s]", project.getName()));

       // Set Permission Scheme
       PermissionSchemeManager permissionSchemeManager = ComponentAccessor.getPermissionSchemeManager();
        Scheme permissionScheme = permissionSchemeManager.getSchemeObject("XWiki Open");
       if (permissionScheme != null) {
           // Remove all defined permissions screen since there can be only ony apparently
            permissionSchemeManager.addSchemeToProject(project, permissionScheme);
       } else {
            LOGGER.warn(String.format("[XWiki] Failed to find the \"XWiki Open\" scheme. "
               + "It is not set for the new project [%s]", project.getName()));

       // Set Project Category
       ProjectManager projectManager = ComponentAccessor.getProjectManager();
        ProjectCategory contribCategory = projectManager.getProjectCategoryObjectByName("XWiki Contributed Projects");
       if (contribCategory != null) {
            projectManager.setProjectCategory(project, contribCategory);
       } else {
            LOGGER.warn(String.format("[XWiki] Failed to find the \"XWiki Contributed Projects\" category. "
               + "It is not set for the new project [%s]", project.getName()));

       // Set Field Configuration Scheme
       FieldLayoutManager fieldLayoutManager = ComponentAccessor.getFieldLayoutManager();
       // Note: I couldn't find a way to get the Field Configuration Scheme by String so I'm iterating over all of them
       FieldLayoutScheme fieldLayoutScheme = null;
       for (FieldLayoutScheme scheme : fieldLayoutManager.getFieldLayoutSchemes()) {
           if (scheme.getName().equals("XWiki Open Field Configuration Scheme")) {
                fieldLayoutScheme = scheme;
       if (fieldLayoutScheme != null) {
            fieldLayoutManager.addSchemeAssociation(project, fieldLayoutScheme.getId());

       // Set Screen Scheme
       IssueTypeScreenSchemeManager issueTypeScreenSchemeManager = ComponentAccessor.getIssueTypeScreenSchemeManager();
       // Note: I couldn't find a way to get the Screen Scheme by String so I'm iterating over all of them
       IssueTypeScreenScheme screenScheme = null;
       for (IssueTypeScreenScheme scheme : issueTypeScreenSchemeManager.getIssueTypeScreenSchemes()) {
           if (scheme.getName().equals("Basic Issue Creation Scheme")) {
                screenScheme = scheme;
       if (screenScheme != null) {
            issueTypeScreenSchemeManager.addSchemeAssociation(project, screenScheme);
       } else {
            LOGGER.warn(String.format("[XWiki] Failed to find the \"Basic Issue Creation Scheme\" scheme. "
               + "It is not set for the new project [%s]", project.getName()));

       // Set project committers role to xwiki-committers and contrib-committers
       ProjectRoleService roleService = ComponentAccessor.getComponentOfType(ProjectRoleService.class);
        SimpleErrorCollection errorCollection = new SimpleErrorCollection();
        ProjectRole commmitterRole = roleService.getProjectRoleByName("Committers", errorCollection);
       // Make sure to remove any of the groups we wish to add to the Committers role as otherwise the addition fails
       roleService.removeActorsFromProjectRole(Arrays.asList("xwiki-committers", "contrib-committers"), commmitterRole,
            project, "atlassian-group-role-actor", errorCollection);
        roleService.addActorsToProjectRole(Arrays.asList("xwiki-committers", "contrib-committers"), commmitterRole,
            project, "atlassian-group-role-actor", errorCollection);

       return ConfigureResponse.create().setRedirect("/plugins/servlet/project-config/" + project.getKey()
           + "/summary");


Jan 27 2015

A strategy for maintaining backward compatibility

I'd like to explain what we do on the XWiki open source project to preserve backward compatibility of our Java APIs. We've done several iterations and we now have a process that is working quite well, even though there are still some issues but they're unavoidable with Java for the time being.

So here it goes:

  • We start by having a special package named internal and everything we put in there is considered implementation details and should never be used by users of our APIs. We're allowed to modify anything at any time in the internal package. For example: org.xwiki.instance.internal.*
  • We also use a Component-based approach, which forces us to separate interfaces (which are public) from implementation (which go in the internal package).
  • We have defined an advanced deprecation mechanism which allows us to move deprecated code that we no longer use to legacy maven module (using Aspects with AspectJ) that can be optionally installed at runtime, and which we never use at build time. This prevents us from using any deprecated legacy code and it allows us to push away the cruft under the carpet emoticon_wink (without breaking backward compatibility!)
  • We have the notion of "Young API" (a.k.a Unstable APIs) and when a new API is introduced, the developer can (and should) use the @Unstable annotation to signify to users that this API is unstable for the moment and can change at any time. We only allow an API to remain unstable for a full development cycle. We've recently introduced a custom Checkstyle check that enforces this!
  • Last, we use the Maven CLIRR plugin to make sure we never break an API unintentionally (it fails our build). This allows us to only carefully and intentionally break our APIs. It also allows to us to mention what we break in our Release Notes (example).

The important point IMO is that we have automated tools to ensure that our strategy is applied, namely:

  • Our Unstable Annotation Checker (a custom checkstyle rule)

This is working pretty well for us even though we do break backward compatibility from time to time, when we judge that the code touched is unlikely to be used and working around the breakage would be too complex and would take too much time (for example adding a method in an interface requires writing a new interface and modifying all code accepting that interface). Luckily this is going to be made somewhat simpler in Java in the future with Default Methods (introduced in Java 8). It won't fit all cases though.

Another example of backward compatibility aspect that we don't handle is when someone changes what an API returns or what a API does. A simple example is if a method returns an object of type X but the implementation changes to return another implementation of type X that behaves differently... This is a tough one to detect and prevent.

WDYT? Are you doing something else in your projects? (I'd be curious of ways to improve even further what we do!).

Sep 11 2014

Atlassian Summit 2014

I've noticed that Atlassian was holding a Summit yesterday. Apparently it was a success with 2100 attendees. That's great to see and I wanted to congratulate them on that!.

As a developer on the XWiki project what sparked my interest were the announcements related to Confluence. Although I haven't viewed the video yet (it wasn't posted when I checked), I've gathered the following from tweets and blog posts I've noticed:

  • New File Collaboration:

     "You’ll be able to share files through Confluence and collaborate on them in much the same way you already do with pages, using @mentions and in-line comments.

  • Real time collaborative editing:

     And it’s not uncommon for two or more people to need to make updates to the same page at the same time. That’s why we’re bringing real-time collaborative editing to Confluence. (yes!) Timeframe for delivery is a bit nebulous at this point, but the dev team is already plugging away on it

  • Inline comments on highlighted text:

     Oh, and in-line commenting? Yeah, that’s coming to Confluence pages in 5.7, too.

These are all very nice features. Actually they're so nice that the XWiki project has been working on them for some time too, some being there for years and some being more recent. So here's how XWiki would compare on those features:

  • File Collaboration. We have a very nice File Manager allowing users to easily import lots of files inside XWiki, manage them inside the wiki. You can comment on files, tag them, add wiki content related to the files, and more.


  • Real time collaboration. We have been working on years on real time collaboration in partnership with Academia (INRIA to be precise). We wanted to have realtime for both the Wiki editor and also the WYSIWYG editor. We've tested various solutions and in the end we've found some algorithms that seem to work well. Thus we now have 2 extensions for Real time:
  • Inline comments. XWiki has had support for Annotations for years now (4 years to be precise), allowing users to select text and put an annotation on that text. You can even reply to annotations and they are resilient to reasonable changes from the highlighted content!


IMO this shows several things:

  • The open source XWiki project is keeping its innovation rate and is still ahead in term of features
  • A small team can do miracles (the XWiki dev team is much smaller than the Confluence one)

Go XWiki, go! emoticon_smile

Created by Admin on 2013/10/22 14:34
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